rich historical and cultural past of Pakistan will take
you through some of the most interesting historical cities
of the world, enabling you to see and understand the diversity
of their rich cultural and archeological heritage.
Tracking history itself, we scrutinize the ruins of the
excavated city of Taxila, one of the most important Buddhist
sites in Indo-Pak subcontinent dating back from 6th century
BC to 7th century Ad. Then we travel onwards to the frontier
town of Peshawar, which was founded 2000 years ago at
the mouth of the ancient Khyber pass, explore its ancient
bazaars, visit the impressive archeological Museums, old
walled cities and Buddhist Monasteries.
north to the beautiful Swat valley, an important seat of Buddhism
and a cross road of invaders and Buddhist pilgrims we travel
through the Ancient Silk Road to China and Central Asia. In
4th and 6th century Ad famous Chinese historians and Buddhist
pilgrims Huan Tsang and Fa-Hian had visited Buddhist holy Shrines
of Swat and Taxila and found these cities in ruins as the white
Huns had cause absolute havoc and destroyed most parts of these
Alexander the Great Invaded the Gandhara region in 327 BC. He
then marched forward to Taxila, crossed the salt range in south
of Islamabad, defeated the King Porus across the Jehlum River,
followed the Indus river and finally headed west wards marching
across the Makran Desert in Baluchistan. In 321 BC Chandar Gupta
founded the Mouryan empire. Emperor Ashoka promoted Buddhism
and Buddhist missionaries under his royal patronage had traveled
all over the Gandhara region to preach the noble Teaching of
the Lord Buddha.
Flourished under the Kushans King Kanishka, 128 to 151
Ad. Thousand of Monasteries and stupas were built in Peshawar,
Swat and Taxila. Gandhara became the Holy land and center
of pilgrimage. The Gandhara school of Art was developed,
combining the traditions of east and west. Gandhara art
forms are so dynamic that they have survived for over
The Kingdom of Gandhara has fully documented history.
Wave after wave of Invaders from Persia, Afghanistan and
central Asia have entered through the passes of the north
evolved in 6th century BC in the Gandhara region. Taxila and
Peshawar were the greatest universities of the ancient world
and brilliant centers of learning.